Virtual Reality in 2015: Is the Technology There Yet?

virtual reality in 2015

After an underwhelming introduction more than 20 years ago, virtual reality is giving it another go

virtual reality 2015photo: Sergey Galyonkin – cc

I remember the nineties well. Not fondly, necessarily, though I do think the toys were better. Between flashes of Posh Spice and Are You Afraid of the Dark, one memory that readily comes to mind were the lines of people at the mall waiting anxiously for their turn to try out a clunky, goofy-looking virtual reality headset. As I watched them play a crude, boring-looking game involving a laser gun, checkered flooring, and random neon polygons, I remember thinking even then that I’d much rather be home playing Sonic the Hedgehog on my 16-bit Sega Genesis. The next two decades appear to have shared my sentiments, but that awkward “this is new so it’s cool!” phase ultimately led to what we’re being shown again today. Virtual Reality in 2015, thankfully, is not the virtual reality I remember.

Virtual Reality in the Early 90s

Prior to widespread “meh,” the work of virtual reality pioneers like Jaron Lanier, Tom Zimmerman, and Mark Bolas successfully showed the public that, indeed, an alternative way of 3D perception was very possible.  Gradually, word of mouth began to spread about the potential of this new technology, and the collective US imagination began to wander. As the hype train took off, its presence began to permeate into the mainstream through movies like Total Recall, The Lawnmower Man, and eventually the box-office hit The Matrix. The concept of virtual worlds even spilled into television with shows like The X-Files and Star Trek.

jpgphoto: CEO of Virtuality, Jon Waldern

Despite the early buzz, however, it became clear that “VR” just wasn’t ready for gaming. With the novelty worn off, the mid-nineties decided it had more or less seen enough “proof-of-concept” technology being showcased as consumer ready. Almost overnight, we gathered our things and moved on to the next big thing – the internet.

As many VR technology companies went bankrupt, others managed to stay afloat by keeping off the consumer radars and instead focusing on 3D construction modeling as well as virtual training applications for the military. It was the latter that would lead to a surge in virtual reality development during the early 2000s as US involvement in the Middle East spiked.

Virtual Reality in 2015

Throughout the 2000s, virtual reality gaming technology was still sheepishly behind the capabilities of even a mid-level standard monitor and tower PC.  In 2012, however, a young VR enthusiast named Palmer Luckey had grown bored with “cutting edge” VR technology and unveiled a VR headset of his own he called the Oculus Rift. Though very much a startup at the time, Luckey’s company was one of, if not the first, to take another swing at what so many had failed to accomplish two decades before.

The Oculus Rift

With Plans to hit the consumer market in the first quarter of 2016, the Oculus Rift is currently on its 2nd iteration (called dev kit 2) and is only available as a beta model through the Oculus site.

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While the first development kit had poor screen resolution as well as a slight lag issue (yes, I tried it), the newest version is said to have made vast improvements in resolution, sound, and frame-rate.

Though many laud the startup for its risk-taking, innovation, and self-propagation via kickstarter, many were upset to see the independent VR company bought by Facebook in 2014. While the thought of Oculus being scooped up by a social-media mogul like Mark Zuckerburg may be a turn off for some, Luckey has given a surprisingly reasonable explanation for his decision when asked why he chose Facebook over larger technology companies like Google and Microsoft. In an interview with The Verge, he stated:

“…to be honest, we’re not looking for a partner who knows hardware, because we have an incredible hardware team. We didn’t want to be bought by somebody who was going to shred us apart and make us part of their product line.”

With less hardware “experts” above them, Oculus is in an ideal position to avoid the shackles responsible for the demise of so many companies too often crippled by “a few suggestions for the product.”

Sony’s Project Morpheus

While the Oculus Rift is looking promising, they face plenty of competition from hardware veteran Sony and their answer to the Rift, Project Morpheus.

With a release date planned sometime during the first half of 2016, Sony’s VR headset boasts a 1920 x 1080px OLED display (960 x 1080px per eye), a frame-rate of 120 fps, and an uncharacteristically sleek hardware rig.

video: IGN

First Announced last year by Sony Worldwide Studios president, Shuhei Yoshida, Project Morpheus is intent on avoiding the mistakes made by VR companies during the nineties. Prioritizing a product that’s fun over a product that merely incites curiosity, Yoshida has shared his philosophy when it comes to virtual reality development:

“People don’t buy hardware just to have hardware. It needs strong content. Every developer who has started working on VR learns that they have to relearn what they have learned over the years making games. A lot of tech and new assets can be used again, but the approach has to be pretty different.”

interview via The Verge

With serious financial backing, impressive-looking gameplay, and a firm development philosophy, it would seem that Sony has all the right moves to carry out a successful 2nd wave of VR gaming upon the consumer masses. With other contenders such as Steam, Samsung, and a handful of crowd-funded startups at their heels, however, Sony may be on the cusp of a whole new type of console war.

What Happens Next?

In today’s fast-paced, awe-seeking tech age, we see plenty of “this could work” models but few “this is working perfectly” models. Twenty years ago, many were wrong to the point of embarrassment regarding the appeal and impact virtual reality would have on the average consumer. This time around may be no different. One thing we have now, however, is the understanding that being a novelty in its own right is not enough to make a concept flourish. Are we still in an era of widespread proof-of-concepts? Hard to say. But I will say that virtual reality in 2015 is increasingly looking more like a final step than merely the next step in successful VR technology.




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  1. Stellar article. The biggest struggle of consumer hardware innovations is (and I think will continue to be) a lack of software and other good content that is able to take advantage of the new technologies in those devices. I think that VR will continue to suffer for the next few years because it has a bizarre Achilles’ heel; the specs are too advanced and development is too expensive to justify investing time into a device whose potential market effects haven’t been tested yet. When Project Morpheus is released, I think you’ll see a few (5-10) titles from Sony, probably sequels to some of their current franchises, and maybe another couple from some bigger-name developers. As first-party launch titles, they’ll be doomed to be interesting for the first month or so and then you’ll leave the headset on a shelf until another eye-catching product is released. It suffers from an interesting chicken/egg dilemma; developers don’t want to spend time (and these games will require a lot of time) to develop for hardware with few users, and consumers will be reluctant to buy it because there isn’t enough software to justify the price tag.

    If any of these are to succeed, they will have to price very aggressively for their first consumer product release. The management of the risks customers feel will be very difficult; they will need to convince their target market that the product has legs and will be here for the long-haul. Too many new styles of gaming (VR included) have been a novelty for 3 months and then forgotten about in closets all across the world.

    • I think you hit the nail on the head. That price tag will be a huge factor in its success, but more importantly it has to be something people will continue using after the “hey look what I have” factor has worn off.

      While I really want to see Oculus win this one, I think Sony will have the bigger chance at making this succeed. If they can get their gameplay, 3d audio, and space-tracking tight-knit enough, I think there could be more here than just the next “power glove”.

      • Ultimately it’ll all come down to who can get the most content available. Sony will have to price very very aggressively as opposed to just shooting for “early-adopter” high pricing to make sure this thing catches on and has enough of a consumer-base quick, so that developers are more inclined to spend time working on titles for it. As technology evolves and consumers demand more and more from their games (better graphics, larger maps, higher-quality sound), developers will need to spend more and more time and money developing content. For this reason it will be hard to incentivize them unless they know that there’s a market waiting for the release of the title so that they can get some of their investment back.